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Ongoing translation work

Norwegian

Camilla Elvik, camilla_elvik at hotmail dot com

Spanish

Alberto Morales, amd77 at gulic.org

Alberto Barrionuevo, abarrio at ffii dot org

César Morillas Barrio, cesar at telytec dot com

Luis Gasco Poderoso, luisgp at ya dot com

Greek

Angelos Markos, angelos at pobox dot com

Kostis Anagnostopoulos, ankostis at gmail dot com

The translated text is Here

American English

Gavin Baker, grbaker at ufl dot edu

Del Miller, milledel at allodialsolutions dot com

French

See French page

Alexis Kauffmann, alexis.kauffmann at gmail dot com

Yannick Warnier, ywarnier at beeznest dot org (bxlug.be)

Portuguese

Borje Felipe Fernandes Karlsson, tellarin at gmail dot com

The translated text is Here

rms and tania, both at 1407 dot org, translated to Portuguese in subtitle form suitable for mplayer. Save the previous link's contents to a text file and call mplayer as:

Esperanto

Thomas Petazzoni, thomas.petazzoni at enix dot org

Italian

Paolo Massa, massa at itc dot it

The translated text is Here


The original text

How Software Patents Actually Work

1 If you were a computer programmer like Bill here, you could write great computer software just using inexpensive computers and your own skill. Your work and your business are protected automatically by copyright with no need to register or pay a fee. All of which creates competition, innovation and more choice at less cost for consumers. Except, that is, if any part of your original work runs into a software patent.

2 "Software patents are landmines for programmers." says Richard Stallman, the famed free software campaigner. At any point during development you can step on a patent and destroy your product and business.

3 A patent grants an exclusive monopoly, not on specific work, but on a single idea for 20 years. 20 years ago Microsoft Windows, Apple Macs and Free and Open Source software were only just beginning and they didn't need software patents then.

4 It will cost you 50,000 euros just to get a single patent in Europe and millions to challenge or fight a single patent claim in court, and unlike copyright, registering and managing patents requires expensive and complex searches.

5 Mega-corporations cross-license with each other to get access to their monopolies and avoid the threat of expensive litigation - leaving everyone else out of the picture.

6 A patent holder can do nothing but sail the world, making claims that people infringe on their patents, Because licensing and cross licensing will be cheaper than going to court, no matter how baseless the claim, now people think they need patents just to survive the threat of legal action.

7 As a programmer, Bill is writing down a series of instructions, and giving that to a computer to do. Much like a business method, or a game, or any other abstract idea that needs rules. It's instructing not inventing!

8 Bill could be working with lots of people from all over the world on big projects like GNU/Linux. Some large corporations want to use software patents to threaten these projects and smaller competitors. That's what a lot of people in the computer industry think.

9 Patenting software is supposed to reward and promote innovation for the benefit of creators, businesses and consumers. In reality it excludes small players, stifles innovation and competition, and turns software publishing into the privilege of a few.

10 "If people had understood how patents would be granted when most of todays ideas were invented and had taken out patents, the industry would be at a standstill today." Bill Gates (1991)

And this is where we are heading if we allow software patents.

German

Was passiert mit Softwarepatenten?

1 Wenn man ein Programmentwickler wie Karl hier ist, kann man fantastische Software schrieben - mit gewöhnlichen Rechnern und seinem Talent. Die eigene Entwicklungsleistung schützt automatisch das Urheberrecht, nichts muss registriert, keine Gebühr entrichtet werden. Das schafft Wettbewerb, also Innovation und mehr Alternativen zu geringen Kosten für uns Verbraucher. Sofern nicht ein Teil der Arbeit von einem Patent betroffen ist.

2. "Softwarepatente sind wie Landminen für Entwickler", meint Richard Stallman, der Free Software Guru. Jederzeit während der Entwicklung kann man auf ein Patent treten - und das war's mit Produkt und Firma.

3. Ein Patent gewährt ein ausschlissended Monopol, nicht auf ein Werk, sondern auf eine einzige Idee für 20 Jahre. Damals, vor 20 Jahren waren Microsoft Windows, Apples und Frei und quelloffene Software noch ein Randthema. Zu ihrem Erfolg bedurften sie keiner Patente.

4. Es kostet in etwa 50 000 Euro um ein eiziges Patent in Europa zu erhalten und Millionen kostet es ein Patent vor Gericht durchzusetzen oder sich zu verteidigen. Und anders als beim engen Urheberrecht, werden teure und umfangreiche Patentrecherchen nötig.

5. Die Großen der Brnache kreuzlizenzieren miteinander, bauen mit Gleichwertigen eine Monopolplattform und sparen sich die Gefahr teurer Auseinandersetzungen. Die Anderen müssen draussen bleiben.

6. Ein Patentbesitzer kann sich ein feines Leben machen, und behaupten, dass andere sein Patent verletzen. Sein Patent zu lizenzieren oder mit ihm zu tauschen ist billiger als der Weg zum Gericht. Ganz gleich wie unbegründet seine Anprüche sind, nun denken alle, dass auch sie Patente zur Verteidigung benötigen. Ein Wettrüsten.

7. Als Entwickler schreibt Karl eine Folge von Anweisungen nieder und lässt sie vom Rechner ausführen. Ganz wie bei einer Geschäftsmethode oder einem Spiel, oder anderen abstrakten Regelwerken: Es geht um Anweisen, nicht erfinden!

8. Karl kann mit vielen Leuten dieser Welt an einem großen Projekt arbeiten wie GNU/Linux. Einige große Firmen wollen mit Softwarepatenten solche Projekte und aufstrebende Konkurrenz zu Fall bringen. Das glauben viele Experten aus der IT-Wirtschaft.

9. Patentierung von Software sollte eigentlich belohnen und Innovation für die Kreativen, die Unternehmen, die Konsumente fördern. Doch in Wirklichkeit werdenn die Kleinen vom Markt gedrängt. Innovation und Wetttbewerb untergraben und Softwareentwicklung in ein Vorrecht für wenige verwandelt.

10. "Wenn die Leute verstünden wie Patente verliehen werden als die meisten Ideen erdacht wurden und sich das hätten patentieren lassen, stände die Wirtschaft heute still", schrieb Bill Gates 1991

Und das wird geschehen - wenn wir Softwarepatente zulassen.

_

Beta subtitle script

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